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MessagePosté le: Jeu 12 Mai - 06:29 (2016)    Sujet du message: [FULL]>%Microcredit And?**International Develop--ment || Répondre en citant

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This,,,,book,,,,documents,,,,the,,,,contemporary,,,,experiences,,,,in,,,,the,,,,microfinance,,,,industryWaller1,,,andWarner,,,Woodworth2Article,,,first,,,published,,,online:,,,6,,,JUL,,,2005DOI:10.1111/j.1541-0072.2001.tb02091.x,,,Issue,,,Policy,,,Studies,,,JournalVolume,,,29,,,,Issue,,,2,,,,pages,,,267–282,,,,May,,,2001Additional,,,InformationHow,,,to,,,CiteWaller,,,,GAbout,,WileyWiley.comWiley,,Job,,Network,,By,,continuing,,to,,browse,,this,,site,,you,,agree,,to,,us,,using,,cookies,,as,,described,,in,,About,,CookiesAll,,Rights,,ReservedMicrocredit,,,,provides,,,,financial,,,,capital,,,,for,,,,poor,,,,entrepreneurs,,,,who,,,,toil,,,,in,,,,the,,,,informal,,,,,poverty,,,,sectors,,,,in,,,,developing,,,,country,,,,economiesand,,,Woodworth,,,,WAnd,,,in,,,default,,,,agencies,,,have,,,experienced,,,significant,,,challenges,,,in,,,sustaining,,,their,,,operations(2001),,,Microcredit,,as,,a,,Grass-Roots,,Policy,,for,,International,,DevelopmentSkip,,to,,Main,,Content,,Wiley,,Online,,Library,,will,,be,,unavailable,,on,,Saturday,,14th,,May,,11:00-14:00,,BST,,/,,06:00-09:00,,EDT,,/,,18:00-21:00,,SGT,,for,,essential,,maintenance.Apologies,,for,,the,,inconvenienceMicrocredit,,and,,the,,methodologies,,of,,the,,MFIs,,have,,also,,provided,,avenues,,for,,community,,and,,local,,social,,capital,,mobilisationThe,,strength,,of,,the,,book,,lies,,in,,its,,empirical,,orientation,,and,,its,,coverage,,of,,the,,subject,,of,,microfinance,,in,,a,,number,,of,,jurisdictions,,–,,Ghana,,and,,South,,Africa,,in,,Africa;,,Cambodia,,,India,,and,,Pakistan,,in,,Asia;,,Barbados,,in,,the,,Caribbean;,,and,,Mexico,,in,,North,,AmericaThe,,geographical,,spread,,of,,the,,cases,,discussed,,in,,the,,book,,typifies,,the,,global,,importance,,of,,microcredit,,and,,its,,role,,in,,development,,and,,poverty,,reduction,,across,,the,,world,,,especially,,in,,developing,,and,,transition,,countriesMicrocredit,,schemes,,have,,succeeded,,in,,reducing,,the,,poverty,,levels,,of,,many,,millions,,across,,the,,world,,especially,,in,,developing,,and,,transition,,countriesThis,,approach,,allows,,the,,book,,to,,make,,a,,rich,,and,,significant,,contribution,,to,,the,,literature,,on,,microcredit,,and,,the,,role,,it,,plays,,in,,the,,development,,of,,small,,and,,medium,,enterprises,,,poverty,,reduction,,,capacity,,building,,and,,empowerment,,of,,local,,peoples,,as,,well,,as,,the,,building,,of,,social,,capital,,through,,the,,development,,of,,local,,institutionsThe,,,,book,,,,is,,,,timely,,,,and,,,,a,,,,worthwhile,,,,addition,,,,to,,,,the,,,,literature,,,,on,,,,the,,,,subject,,,,especially,,,,that,,,,it,,,,treats,,,,the,,,,topic,,,,during,,,,the,,,,worst,,,,and,,,,most,,,,widespread,,,,economic,,,,recession,,,,in,,,,world,,,,historyIn,,,the,,,absence,,,of,,,this,,,,a,,,more,,,theoretically-driven,,,introductory,,,chapter,,,would,,,have,,,provided,,,an,,,overarching,,,theoretical,,,framework,,,for,,,the,,,discussions,,,that,,,follow,,,in,,,the,,,subsequent,,,chaptersIn,,,addition,,,to,,,the,,,thousands,,,of,,,predominantly,,,nongovernmental,,,organizations,,,that,,,offer,,,microcredit,,,programs,,,,many,,,national,,,governments,,,in,,,the,,,Third,,,World,,,are,,,now,,,seeking,,,to,,,integrate,,,microcredit,,,strategies,,,into,,,their,,,development,,,policy,,,and,,,planningHe,,,has,,,been,,,a,,,visiting,,,scholar,,,at,,,the,,,International,,,Labor,,,Office,,,in,,,Geneva,,,Switzerland,,,,the,,,University,,,of,,,Rio,,,de,,,Janeiro,,,,and,,,the,,,University,,,of,,,MichiganMicrocredit,,,,provides,,,,avenues,,,,for,,,,the,,,,negotiation,,,,of,,,,stakeholder,,,,spaces,,,,and,,,,in,,,,this,,,,regard,,,,microcredit,,,,and,,,,has,,,,not,,,,only,,,,helped,,,,to,,,,build,,,,the,,,,capacities,,,,of,,,,the,,,,poor,,,,financially,,,,to,,,,enhance,,,,the,,,,management,,,,of,,,,their,,,,businesses;,,,,they,,,,have,,,,also,,,,been,,,,capacitated,,,,to,,,,negotiate,,,,their,,,,power,,,,statusesThese,,,,services,,,,,especially,,,,microcredit,,,,,have,,,,been,,,,considered,,,,some,,,,of,,,,the,,,,liberating,,,,tools,,,,for,,,,mainstreaming,,,,gender,,,,into,,,,development,,,,and,,,,providing,,,,agency,,,,to,,,,poor,,,,people,,,,in,,,,participating,,,,in,,,,their,,,,social,,,,mobilityMicrofinance,,,,services,,,,have,,,,played,,,,important,,,,roles,,,,in,,,,the,,,,development,,,,of,,,,small,,,,and,,,,medium,,,,scale,,,,enterprises,writes,,,,Dr,,,,Justice,,,,Nyigmah,,,,BawolePolicy,,Studies,,Journal,,,29:267–282He,,consults,,with,,numerous,,NGOs,,in,,Africa,,,Asia,,,and,,Latin,,AmericaChristopher,,,,Rees,,,,and,,,,Tonya,,,,Knight,,,,Millar,,,,The,,,book,,,confirms,,,the,,,popular,,,held,,,view,,,that,,,microcredit,,,services,,,have,,,targeted,,,largely,,,women,,,and,,,in,,,the,,,process,,,empowered,,,them,,,considerablyWallerWarner,,,WoodworthAll,,,Authors,,,PublicationsBrowse,,,by,,,SubjectResources,,,About,,,UsHelpContact,,,UsAgentsAdvertisersMediaPrivacyCookiesTerms,,,&,,,ConditionsSite,,,Map,,,Copyright,,,,,,1999-2016,,,John,,,Wiley,,,&,,,Sons,,,,IncReaders,,,will,,,find,,,that,,,the,,,book,,,distils,,,the,,,challenges,,,and,,,prospects,,,of,,,microcredit,,,and,,,provides,,,an,,,indication,,,of,,,how,,,adaptive,,,the,,,industry,,,must,,,be,,,to,,,survive,,,the,,,turbulence,,,of,,,the,,,current,,,economic,,,meltdown.Microfinance,,,,and,,,,its,,,,many,,,,facets,,,,,unlike,,,,traditional,,,,donor,,,,funded,,,,projects,,,,that,,,,come,,,,in,,,,the,,,,form,,,,of,,,,dole-outs,,,,,have,,,,sought,,,,to,,,,change,,,,the,,,,course,,,,of,,,,poverty,,,,reduction,,,,by,,,,putting,,,,the,,,,poor,,,,,their,,,,businesses,,,,and,,,,their,,,,organisations,,,,at,,,,the,,,,centre,,,,of,,,,poverty,,,,reduction,,,,and,,,,social,,,,mobilityBut,,,,the,,,,book,,,,also,,,,provides,,,,significant,,,,evidence,,,,in,,,,the,,,,various,,,,chapters,,,,to,,,,demonstrate,,,,the,,,,weaknesses,,,,in,,,,the,,,,argument,,,,that,,,,microcredit,,,,is,,,,a,,,,magic,,,,bullet,,,,that,,,,replaces,,,,traditional,,,,banking,,,,as,,,,far,,,,as,,,,credit,,,,to,,,,small,,,,and,,,,medium,,,,enterprises,,,,and,,,,poverty,,,,reduction,,,,are,,,,concernedMicrofinance,,,,services,,,,have,,,,been,,,,a,,,,significant,,,,contributor,,,,to,,,,the,,,,reduction,,,,of,,,,poverty,,,,in,,,,many,,,,parts,,,,of,,,,the,,,,worldThe,,,,book,,,,chronicles,,,,the,,,,successes,,,,of,,,,microcredit,,,,in,,,,poverty,,,,reductionMThe,,,,book,,,,argues,,,,that,,,,microcredit,,,,is,,,,valuable,,,,in,,,,its,,,,own,,,,right,,,,as,,,,an,,,,enterprise,,,,sustaining,,,,tool,,,,–,,,,in,,,,which,,,,case,,,,it,,,,contributes,,,,to,,,,providing,,,,the,,,,poor,,,,and,,,,unbanked,,,,sector,,,,of,,,,society,,,,microloans,,,,for,,,,business,,,,start-ups,,,,and,,,,expansion,,,,of,,,,small,,,,and,,,,medium,,,,enterprisesThis,,,,,the,,,,book,,,,intimates,,,,,has,,,,resulted,,,,from,,,,the,,,,weaknesses,,,,in,,,,the,,,,capacity,,,,of,,,,the,,,,often,,,,touted,,,,micro,,,,enterprises,,,,to,,,,repay,,,,credits,,,,offered,,,,them,,,,–,,,,something,,,,which,,,,both,,,,the,,,,microfinance,,,,institutions,,,,(MFIs),,,,and,,,,their,,,,beneficiaries,,,,have,,,,sometimes,,,,manipulated,,,,records,,,,to,,,,cover-upIn,,,the,,,process,,,,these,,,local,,,institutions,,,and,,,groups,,,have,,,succeeded,,,in,,,exerting,,,their,,,agency,,,not,,,only,,,in,,,contributing,,,to,,,their,,,social,,,mobility,,,but,,,also,,,on,,,the,,,microcredit,,,systems,,,and,,,the,,,MFIsHe,,,,has,,,,published,,,,articles,,,,in,,,,Journal,,,,of,,,,Developmental,,,,Entrepreneurship,,,,,American,,,,Political,,,,Science,,,,Review,,,,,Public,,,,Administration,,,,Review,,,,,and,,,,Journal,,,,of,,,,Development,,,,StudiesThe,,most,,telling,,evidence,,is,,that,,many,,microcredit,,agencies,,have,,drifted,,in,,their,,mission,,into,,mainstream,,banking,,products,,–,,what,,Hulme,,refers,,to,,as,,a,,financial,,systems,,approach,,(p16),,–,,to,,ensure,,sustainability,,and,,survivalThis,,,,way,,,,,many,,,,poor,,,,people,,,,,mostly,,,,women,,,,,have,,,,succeeded,,,,in,,,,improving,,,,their,,,,situations,,,,and,,,,provided,,,,support,,,,for,,,,their,,,,families 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